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玻璃温室的常用维护方法

 

 
璃温室的常用维护方法 


 
玻璃温室大棚可以根据当地气候环境、土质、种植模式,因地制宜设计建设。下面告诉您玻璃温室大棚日常如何维护保养:
一、对玻璃温室大棚主体结构的维护

  (1).时常监测玻璃温室大棚的地面是否出现沉降。

 (2).尽量避免重力装机结构架,智能温室主体结构不能受到外力的强烈冲撞。

 (3).不要随意改变玻璃温室大棚的结构(温室工程完工后)。

 (4).如果使用的是钢铁结构,支撑柱上有生锈应该及时除锈、再镀层,以免支撑柱进一步被损坏。

 (6).如遇大风天气,应该关闭通风口;大风过后应该仔细检查玻璃温室大棚主架有没有因为风的吹动而出现松动,如有应当及时进行固定处理。

 

 

 

 

二、外围材料维护

 (1).不管是玻璃温室大棚还是其他,都要定期清理外围材料上覆盖的灰尘和杂质,这样不但能保证智能温室的透光程度,还能保证外围材料的清洁,不易造成薄膜的腐蚀。

 (2).在生产种植的过程中,尽量不要撞击和用尖锐物体接触外围材料,避免材料的破损。

 (3).如果外围材料有损坏,应该及时进行修补、更换处理。

 (4).不定期检查接口处的密封状况。

 (5).不要在薄膜智能温室和玻璃温室大棚的外围材料上面站立进行行走或者蹲在材料上进行灰尘杂质的清理,应该将重量转移到玻璃温室大棚主体结构上,避免损坏。

三、配套设备维护  


(1)电控箱的使用与维护。
电控箱为智能温室的核心控制系统。(内有380V电压)它控制整个温室的所有智能化设施。包括内、外遮光(阴)系统。内保温系统。降温系统(风扇、水帘)。该系统安装调试之后有两套控制系统(手动与自动)一般情况下我公司人员会为您调整于自动控制系统。无特殊情况下不得随意开关。以延长其使用寿命。非专业人士不得开箱。以免造成机器故障或人员伤亡事故。
简单的日常维护:
经常用干抹布擦拭其外表。但不得开箱擦拭其里面。也不得用含水的湿抹布擦拭。以免造成不必要的损失。
(2)温控器的使用与维护:
该玻璃温室大棚设施用于感应温室内的数据后传送至电控箱后。让电控箱发出命令让其它设备(内、外遮光网。内保温膜。风扇、水帘等)进行操作。由于该设施的灵敏度的强弱将直接影响整个温室的控制。所以不得触摸,更不得随意调整。以免发生事故或造成损失。
(3)保温、遮光系统该系统由内、外遮光(阴)网,内保温膜组成。该系统操作原理。内、外遮光(阴)网。内保温膜的控制各由减速箱和电机组成主要部分。当该系统接收到电控箱的操作命令后将由电机带动减速箱后是推杆移动。从而达到保温、遮光的效果。减速机行程开关每6个月须检查一次。看螺丝是否松懈。以免发生位移而不能自动停下来拉坏拉杆或卡槽铝,更有甚者外网可能会拉坏其上拉桁条。
(4)降温系统二、风扇、水帘的使用与维护:
 

1、风扇:检查零配件,定期更换。检查电机接线是否安全,皮带是否有打滑迹象。给马达加润油。检查皮带和转轮是否紧张到位,齿轮轴承是否润滑。检查外壳和百叶窗是否有腐蚀、隐蔽性破坏。检查风扇叶片是否平衡,有无裂缝,若疏忽可能导致完全破坏和损坏风机。
2、水帘:运行其间,水帘常见的问题是堵塞,水帘堵塞后,通风量减少,降温效果差。还加速了水帘的老化、微生物的繁殖和矿物质的沉淀。水帘堵塞,常见的堵塞物是杂草和昆虫,防止昆虫的集结,在水帘后面设置了防虫网。保证循环水的干净。硬水可以加药软化,或往水池灌入软化水来稀释池中矿物沉淀。当钙离子浓度在5PH值时,水帘开始结垢,浓度一低,结垢现象自然消失

 

 

 
 



Keeping your glasshouse clean

The most effective way to clean glass and other surfaces is with a jetwash in-between seasons, when the glasshouse is likely to be empty or nearly so. Gutters are a nuisance to clean out and probably best left to the experts who are used to climbing up and onto greenhouses. You certainly don’t want to fall through the glass roof. That said, you can sweep the floors anytime, and doing so as you go makes the job a lot easier than waiting until it’s really a mess. Disinfectants are another thing that must be handled by those who really know what they’re doing. If you’re not sure or haven’t done it before, then it’s probably a good idea to get someone to do it for you. Chemicals can be dangerous if they are mishandled.


Faulty equipment

Everything in a glasshouse, including the structure itself, can break or malfunction. That means that you need to constantly be on the lookout for problems and get them fixed as soon as possible.


Heaters

Heaters tend to corrode when pipes leak. It’s much cheaper to catch a leak early than to wait until it becomes a steady drip or worse. You also want to make sure you have enough fuel stored up before you need it. Buy it during the off-season. Then you’ll have it when you need it.


Ventilation equipment

Door and window seals should be checked each season. They tend to break down with use and from changes in the weather. Grease your racks and pinions, too; at least annually. And check your windows periodically to make sure that the close all the way. Do this at least every season. You want to find out that they don’t seal properly before the cold weather sets in; not after.



Screens

Screens also wear with use. Be sure you check them for tears and holes. You don’t want one coming apart when you need to open it, especially if it occurs on one of those days where the sun is in and out of the clouds. 


Fans

Keep fans free of the dirt and gunge that builds up from excessive lubrication. Wherever there are moving parts, apply only as much as you need to do the job; and be sure to wipe off the excess when you’re finished. 




Irrigation equipment

Check everything that transports or stores water for leaks or cracks. Remember that water “finds its own level”, so you may have to do some investigating to find the actual source of the problem.


Glasshouses

Check for cracked or broken glass and replace damaged panes as soon as you notice them. Gaps can let insects in, and water that freezes in the cracks can make the situation much worse. Look over all of your glasshouse; not just in the obvious high use areas. It’s worth taking a close look after a day of high winds or a strong storm. Look especially for signs of corrosion or breaks in the metal itself. 


Other

There are likely to be parts of your glasshouse that you don’t visit very often. Don’t overlook these. Check your wires, for example, for evidence of wear and gnawing. If you happen to have a back-up power supply, then run it at least once per year so that you’re confident that it works. And check your lights. LEDs and high-efficiency bulbs last longer than the old tungsten lamps, but nothing lasts forever. Inspect these things before you need them.



Prevention

It’s been said that that an “ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure”, and that’s certainly the case when it comes to your glasshouse and the equipment that you use with it. The easiest way to prevent problems from occurring is to follow a routine inspection schedule. If you do a little bit each week or every couple of weeks, then it won’t take you more than a few minutes at a time. Create a routine that works for you. and then put it into practice. You can even delegate the easy stuff. The goal, of course, is to prevent downtime. If you think you’re too busy to inspect your equipment, then think about what you stand to lose if your equipment broke down for a couple of hours, a day or longer. 


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